200 people, who are outnumbered by the huge population of deer. The area was a sovereign state within the Holy Roman Empire for more than 800 years. MOLAMBOZ, France — Towns don't come much tinier than this quiet hamlet, population 86, northwest of Arbois in the heart of the Jura wine region.You can pass the … , Jura is composed largely of Dalradian quartzite, a hard metamorphic rock that provides the jagged surface of the Paps. , Dál Riata was ultimately destroyed when Vikings invaded, and established their own domain, spreading more extensively over the islands north and west of the mainland, including Jura. Today over 6500 deer live on six estates on the island. Cet accord de coopération entre les cantons du Jura et de Neuchâtel met fin au mandat confié depuis 2007 à la Fondation interjurassienne pour la statistique (Fistat). Youngson, Peter (2001) Jura: Island of Deer. There is a growing number of small and medium-sized businesses. It is also one of eight constituencies in the Highlands and Islands electoral region, which elects seven additional members, in addition to the eight constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole. Like all inhabited Hebridean islands, Jura has its own indigenous tradition of Gaelic song and poetry. [Note 1], However, when the soldier and military historian Sir James Turner visited Jura in 1632, he was less impressed, reporting that '[it is] a horride ile and a habitation fit for deere and wild beastes'. Population (2017-01-01) 9,279 ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saint-Claude (Jura) This Jura geographical article is a stub. There are ten districts and 309 municipalities in Vaud. Quality Assurance Information on the quality assurance arrangements for administrative data sources used in the production of population statistics. The name Jura is believed to come from the Norse meaning ‘Deer Island’ although it is also said that Jura got it’s name from an earlier language. The people of the Jura region called for independence. The island is the setting for the novel "Burning down George Orwell's house, "by Andrew Ervin. In music, Jura is mentioned in: "Crossing to Jura", a song by R. Kennedy and D. MacDonald, recorded in 1997 by JCB with Jerry Holland on the album A Trip to Cape Breton; "The Bens of Jura", a song by Capercaillie; and "Isle of Jura", a song by Skyclad. "If you stay here, you’re really treading in Orwell’s footsteps. In 1098, under pressure from Magnus, the king of Scotland quitclaimed to him all sovereign authority over the isles. At Westminster Jura is represented as part of a constituency also called Argyll and Bute, which is held by Brendan O'Hara, also of the SNP. If population growth rate would be same as in period 2010-2014 (+0.84%/year), Jura population in … Search US census records for Jura Originally released in 1982 ‘Mister Wong’ is a Pop oddity that sits between French Synth Pop and Leftfield Disco. According to explorer Thomas Pennant, who visited Jura twenty years later, the island “carried a fairly large population right through the period of Campbell domination into the era of emigration and clearance.” Jura comes from the Norse words meaning Deer Island. Forest Estate belongs to the Vestey family. The name Jura is believed to come from the Norse meaning ‘Deer Island’. The island is moun… The main industries are watches, textiles and tobacco. Bienvenue sur le site officiel de la République et Canton du Jura. The name Jura is believed to come from the Norse meaning ‘Deer Island’ although it is also said that Jura got it’s name from an earlier language. Also access guidance and support if interested in sub-council areas projections. , Coordinates: 56°5′N 5°45′W / 56.083°N 5.750°W / 56.083; -5.750, General Register Office for Scotland (28 November 2003), 'The Jura Economic Survey' (Feolin Study Centre, 2005), John of Islay, the head of the MacDonald family, "Map of Scotland in Scots - Guide and gazetteer", "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland's Inhabited Islands", Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland Release 1C (Part Two), Scotland's Census 2001 – Occasional Paper No 10: Statistics for Inhabited Islands, "Scotland's 2011 census: Island living on the rise", "Dictionary of Scottish Architects - DSA Building/Design Report (October 16, 2019, 10:28 am)", https://research.reading.ac.uk/astor100/the-astors-in-scotland-by-emily-astor/, "The Scottish island where George Orwell created 1984", "Finding Orwell's Source of Hope in Jura, Scotland", "Did you know you can rent the virtually untouched house where George Orwell wrote 1984? As of 2007, the population included 8,195 foreigners, or about 11.8% of the total population. With an area of 36,692 hectares, or 142 square miles, and only 196 inhabitants recorded in the 2011 census, Jura is much more sparsely populated than Islay, and is one of the least densely populated islands of Scotland: in a list of the islands of Scotland ranked by size, Jura comes eighth, whereas by population it comes 31st. A possible solution would be to create two half-cantons, as reunification with the creation of only a single canton would mean a complete restructuring of the Jura's current political system, with the cantonal capital being transferred from Delémont to Moutier. In Gaelic the word ‘diura’ itself means ‘tough, or durable’. Jura is part of the council area of Argyll and Bute. Named after the Jura Mountains, its prefecture is Lons-le-Saunier and subprefectures are Dole and Saint-Claude.In 2016, it had a population of 260,517. Name Arrondissement Population Census 1975-02-20 Population Census 1982-03-04 Population Census 1990-03-05 Population Census 1999-03-08 Population Estimate 2007-01-01 At the Congress of Vienna (1815), the Jura region became part of the canton of Bern.  As of 2007[update], the population included 8,195 foreigners, or about 11.8% of the total population. This was 0.882% of total Switzerland population. The island is mountainous, bare and infertile, covered largely by extensive areas of blanket bog.. In 1978, the split was made official when the Swiss people voted in favour, and in 1979, the Jura joined the Swiss Confederation as a full member. Following Godred's death, the local population resisted Norway's choice of replacement, causing Magnus, the Norwegian king, to launch a military campaign to assert his authority. Birlinn Ltd. Edinburgh. THE population of an Inner Hebridean island has increased by almost 50 per cent after an Australian hedge fund millionaire recruited an army of workers to build a luxury golf course resort. 14,109 people were employed in the secondary sector and 16,513 people were employed in the tertiary sector. level in the Jura mountains, and from 104 to 1,422 m in the Vosges mountains. The Jura plateau is hilly and almost entirely limestone.  The seas around Jura form part of the Inner Hebrides and the Minches Special Area of Conservation due to their importance for Harbour porpoises. Census records show that Jura's population peaked at 1,312 in 1831, and that, in common with many areas of western Scotland, the island's population declined steadily over the ensuing decades. Bordering France to the north and west, it is bounded on the south by Bern canton and on the east by Solothurn canton and Basel-Landschaft demicanton. The remainder of the island was ruled and largely owned by the Campbells for a total of three centuries, by eleven successive Campbell lairds. Jura is part of the council area of Argyll and Bute. He left Jura in January 1949 to get treatment at a sanatorium in Gloucestershire and never returned to the island. The Gaelic… Sadly, and quite in contrast with some of the other islands, the population of Islay has dropped almost 7%, from 3,457 to 3,228. The population development of Équevillon as well as related information and services (weather, Wikipedia, Google, images). The island is 29 miles long and 7 miles wide in places. By Gregory M. Bovey GregoryM. Jura is a special place and it was a privilege to get close to the Paps. After the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 the Jura had close ties with the Swiss Confederation.  Alongside the long-term decline in Jura's population has been a decline in the number of Gaelic speakers. Between Jura's northern tip and the island of Scarba lies the Gulf of Corryvreckan, where a whirlpool makes passage dangerous at certain states of the tide. The Jura was French-speaking and Roman Catholic, whereas the canton of Bern was mostly German-speaking and Protestant.  Like many other parts of the Hebrides and western Scotland, the shores of Jura are frequented by grey seals, and the elusive otter is also relatively common here, as is the adder, the UK's only venomous snake. In this year, Jura population density was 86.6 p/km². , At the end of the 13th century, king John Balliol was challenged for the throne by Robert de Bruys. The estates provide deer stalking and other field sports, together with forestry and a diminishing amount of agriculture.  In 2005, the average share of the national income per resident of the canton was 38,070 CHF, while the national average was 54,031 CHF, or about 70% of the national income per person. When de Bruys defeated John, he declared the MacDougall lands forfeit, and gave them to the MacDonalds. Le Jura est le plus jeune canton de Suisse. There are now seven estates on Jura and a whisky distillery, all in separate ownership.  The trust is also exploring renewable energy options. Answer: Jura, Switzerland (capital: Delémont) - last known population is ≈ 72 400 (year 2014). John MacDonald, the then Lord, launched a severe raid on Ross, in pursuance of this aim. In 2001, there were 3,578 people who worked in the primary economic sector. To Norway, the islands became known as Suðreyjar (Old Norse, traditionally anglicised as Sodor), meaning southern isles. (see  Terroir Jura and Jura is a department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region in Eastern France. Jura: Facts & Figures.  Despite its isolation, Barnhill has in recent years become something of a shrine for his readers. Under Campbell influence, shrieval authority was established under the sheriff of Argyll. Jura bezeichnet: . The arrondissement of Lons-le-Saunier, with 126,071 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants. , Evidence of settlements on Jura dating from the Mesolithic period was first uncovered by the English archaeologist John Mercer in the 1960s. In 2016, it had a population of 260,517. Alexander generally acknowledged the semi-independent authority of Somerled's heirs. , But at the end of the 17th century, the writer and traveller Martin Martin went there and concluded that 'this isle is perhaps the wholesomest plot of ground either in the isles or continent of Scotland, as appears by the long life of the natives and their state of health'. The king of Burgundy donated much of the land that today makes up canton Jura to the bishop of Basel in 999. Bovey holdsaPh.D. The entire canton of Jura is just 839 sq km in size.  During the decade from 2001 to 2011 Scottish island populations as a whole grew by 4% to 103,702. Ce site vous permet de consulter l'ensemble des textes législatifs en vigueur, adoptés par le Parlement, le Gouvernement et ses départements, ainsi que les règlements édictés par le Tribunal cantonal, et qui sont publiés dans la version papier du Recueil systématique jurassien. The canton of Solothurn and Basel-Landschaft are to east of the canton, while the canton of Bern bounds the Jura to the south. In 1767, fifty people left for Canada, and from that point the population fluctuated, rising to a peak of 1312 in 1831, before gradually shrinking to its 20th century level of just a few hundred. , Jura has only one road of any significance, the single-track A846, which follows the southern and eastern coastline of the island from Feolin Ferry to Craighouse, a distance of around eight miles (13 km).  Since 2010 Jura has been designated by NatureScot as a Special Protection Area for golden eagles. Population jurassienne en 2019, résultats définitifs. Favorite ingredients are Comté cheese, vin jaune or “yellow wine,” and morchella mushrooms. About 40 minutes from Belfort and Mulhouse, the region of Ajoie covers approximately 300 square kilometres and rests on the low limestone plateau of the Jura. When it comes to the population density, the two places are worlds apart: Jura has just 70'000 residents while NYC is home to 8.4 million. Jura is featured in the plot of the 2003 novel A Question of Blood by Ian Rankin, and the 2007 novel The Careful Use of Compliments by the Scottish writer Alexander McCall Smith, and is a setting for some of the narrative and action in Anne Michaels' 2008 novel The Winter Vault. , After his death, nominal Norwegian authority was re-established, but de facto authority was split between Somerled's sons and the Crovan dynasty. Named after the Jura Mountains, its prefecture is Lons-le-Saunier and subprefectures are Dole and Saint-Claude. The current MSP for Argyll and Bute is Michael Russell of the Scottish National Party (SNP). Rechtswissenschaften; Bezeichnung in Deutschland (in Österreich und der Schweiz: Jus); von lat. Willkommen im Online-Shop für JURA-Kaffeemaschinen, Kaffee-Vollautomaten bester Schweizer Qualität. Islay can also be reached by air: Islay Airport is served by daily flights from Glasgow operated by Loganair, and twice weekly flights from Oban and Colonsay operated by Hebridean Air Services. The districts of Ajoie and Franches-Montagnes lie in this region. The island is dominated by three steep-sided conical quartzite mountains on its western side—the Paps of Jura—which rise to 785 metres (2,575 ft). The word Jura, therefore, may refer either to canton Jura, or to the combined territory of canton Jura and the Bernese Jura. Switzerland's youngest canton offers its visitors contrasting and authentic landscapes: from the Franches-Montagnes plateau to the plains of Ajoie, nicknamed the orchard of the Jura, via the capital Delémont and the medieval city of St … Jura had a population, in 2014, of 260,681, for a population density of 52.1 inhabitants/km 2. Early writers speak of a few herds of deer numbering about 300, but the present day population is about 5,500. The canton of Neuchâtel is one of the six French-speaking cantons in Switzerland. The Ardfin estate is situated at the southern tip of the island, between Feolin and Craighouse.It includes the 16-bedroom C-listed Jura House, whose famous and beautiful walled gardens benefit from a southerly aspect and the effects of the Gulf Stream. Jura is also known for an event of 23 August 1994, when Bill Drummond and Jimmy Cauty, formerly known as the music group the KLF, filmed themselves burning £1 million in banknotes in the Ardfin boathouse on the south coast of the island. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in January. Other cantons in Switzerland using the title "Republic and Canton" are Ticino, the canton of Geneva, and the canton of Neuchâtel. There are 1,000 census records available for the last name Jura. On creation, the canton adopted the title Republic and canton of the Jura. Developments Jura Journey is the starting point of the new rage, a NAS scotch produced, as all the range, with a combination of peated and unpeated spirit that will give a slightly peated style.  Since 1993 it has also been the home of the Jura Music Festival, which takes place annually in September. In financial terms, the Jura distillery was the largest, and it was also the biggest individual employer, but the island's seven estates, taken together, employed the most full- and part-time staff. Population résidante permanente au 31 décembre, selon le sexe, la classe d'âges et la nationalité, de 2010 à 2019, canton du Jura (XLSX, 110 Ko) 27.08.2020 1.1.3. Jura is renowned for its large population of red deer, which is kept to around 6000 by the estates’ gamekeepers and their paying guests during the stalking season (July 1st to October 20th for stags and from October 21st to February 15th for hinds). The vast green plains of Ajoie, commonly named the orchard of the Jura, offer damson trees, vineyards, caves as well as prehistoric park, an aerodrome, wagons tours and magical ponds. Tourism is the only other significant area of economic activity, and in 2005 over 20% of the island population was directly or indirectly employed in the tourist industry. Jura (JU) The Canton of Jura is located in north-western Switzerland, and its capital is Delémont. The arrondissement of Lons-le-Saunier, with 126,071 inhabitants, … The area is now known as Bernese Jura. The King of Burgundy donated much of the land that today makes up Canton Jura to the Bishop of Basel in 999. The number of resident households were 1541 ten years ago and it is now 1479 ( Figures in table A4 ). The Isle of Jura is a barren, sparsely populated Inner Hebridean island off the west coast of Scotland.A single distillery, Isle of Jura, operates in the town of Craighouse.This is where most of the population (numbering around 200) reside. The church, erected about the year 1776, is a neat plain structure; the interior has been enlarged and greatly improve… , In 1838, the old Campbell mansion at Ardfin was remodelled and extended by the architect William Burn for the laird Colin Campbell and renamed Jura House. Jura Tourism invites you to discover this wonderful canton, a paradise for hiking, relaxing, ideal for romantic getaways or family vacation. Jura is an island in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland, adjacent to and northeast of Islay. Jura Forest: also lying north of Ardfin, but on the east flanks of the Paps of Jura. Half a century later, however, Somerled, the husband of Godred Crovan's granddaughter, led a successful revolt against Norway, transforming Suðreyjar into an independent kingdom. , The historical population is given in the following chart:, Agriculture is important in canton Jura. The Isle of Jura is a barren, sparsely populated Inner Hebridean island off the west coast of Scotland.A single distillery, Isle of Jura, operates in the town of Craighouse.This is where most of the population (numbering around 200) reside. Having complained for several years about harassment from the MacLeans, in 1647 the Campbells launched a surprise attack on Aros Castle, and killed many MacLeans; for many years in the 20th century, a human skull stood on a ledge in a nearby cave, and it was traditionally said to have been the remains of a Maclean who had been killed in this battle. In each case, the title refers to the autonomy of the canton and its nominal sovereignty within the Swiss Confederation. , Following the Scottish reformation, the MacLeans (opponents) and Campbells (supporters) came into dispute; to a certain extent, the Campbells also saw it as an opportunity for territorial expansion. In 2018, urban population for Jura was 53.3 %. Template:Infobox Canton The Republic and Canton of the Jura (French: République et canton du Jura), also known as the canton of Jura or canton Jura, is the newest (founded in 1979) of the 26 Swiss cantons, located in the northwestern part of Switzerland. In 2015 a new distillery was established in the north of the island, producing Lussa Gin.. If population growth rate would be same as in period 2010-2014 (+0.84%/year), Jura population in 2021 would be: 76 767*. After the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 the Jura had close ties with the Swiss Confederation.At the Congress of Vienna (1815), the Jura region became part of the canton of Bern. It is bordered by its homonymous lake southward and northward by the Jura mountains. iura (Pluralform von ius), ‚Rechte‘; ein Studienfach; Juristische Ausbildung, eine rechtswissenschaftliche Fachzeitschrift; Jura, abgeleitet vom Gebirgszug, ist der Name folgender geographischer Objekte: . The dykes are most apparent on the west coast, where erosion of the less-resistant rock into which they are intruded has left them exposed as natural walls. Despite its size Jura is only inhabited by approx. It is a close northern neighbour of the more prolific whisky-producing island of Islay.However the delicate honeyed nature of Isle of Jura … Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. In an economic survey published in 2005 by the now-defunct Feolin Study Centre on Jura, the gross turnover of the island was estimated to be just over £3.2 million. Only 8.2% of its surface area – only half as much as the Plateau – is covered by housing and industry. 152 million Tableof Contents Thepolitical structure of Switzerland In general The federal level The cantonal level The municipal level Languages Legislation Case Law LawSchools and the Legal Profession Legal Literature National Law Journals Cantonal Law Journals S… The island also has a community council, which is responsible primarily for representing the views of the local community in dealings with other public bodies, although it can also undertake other activities such as fundraising for local projects and the running of community events.. In 1963, Robin Fletcher and Tony Riley-Smith took over the old property and built a modern distillery; they expanded it in 1978. Il est situé à 15 km de la France. , The eau de vie Damassine is one typical produce of the Ajoie area. The human population density was 88 per km2 in the Jura mountains and 170 per km2 in the Vosges mountains. , Towards the end of the 15th century, the Lords of the Isles made increasing efforts to establish full independence. Population density … A further re-organisation took place in 1995, and Jura now forms part of the unitary council area of Argyll and Bute. Capital: Lons-le-Saunier .... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Map of Jura Coordinates: 47°22′N 7°9′E / 47.367°N 7.150°E / 47.367; 7.150 Coordinates : 47°22′N 7°9′E / 47.367°N 7.150°E / 4 Capital Early writers speak of a few herds of deer numbering about 300, but the present day population is about 7,000. In 2016, Jura will turn 37 years old. The distillery is owned by Whyte and Mackay, which in 2014 was taken over by Emperador Distillers, part of the Alliance Global Group Inc of the Philippines. In 1975 the counties were replaced by a two-tier system of regions and districts: Jura formed part of the Argyll and Bute district within the wider Strathclyde region, however the County of Argyll continues in use as a registration county. Jura definition: a department of E France , in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. John of Islay, the head of the MacDonald family married the heir of the MacRory family, thereby acquiring the remaining share of Somerled's realm, and transforming it into the Lordship of the Isles, which lasted for over a century.  There are three major peaks: The Paps dominate the landscape in the region and are visible from the Mull of Kintyre and, on a clear day, from the Isle of Skye and Northern Ireland. 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